GL's Message Automation & Protocol Simulation (MAPS™) designed for SIP testing can simulate User Agents (User Agent Client- UAC, User Agent Server-UAS) Redirect and Registrant servers. This test tool/traffic generator can be used to simulate any interface in a SIP network and perform protocol conformance testing (SIP protocol implementations).
The application is available as
- MAPS™ SIP Protocol Test Tool (Item # PKS120)
- MAPS™ SIP Conformance Test Suite (Item # PKS121)
- MAPS™ HD Call Generator (Item # PKS109)
- MAPS™ SIP Message Session Relay Protocol (Item # PKS112)
The application gives the users the unlimited ability to edit SIP messages and control scenarios (message sequences). "Message sequences" are generated through scripts. "Messages" are created using message templates.
MAPS™ can be used to simulate any interface of the VoIP network. Single MAPS™ instance can act as more than one SIP entity at a time and can generate any SIP message on wire in VoIP network and hence equipment needed to test are reduced. MAPS™ SIP supports UDP, TCP, TLS transport types. Secure Real-time Transport Protocol (or SRTP) traffic supported over TLS (Transport Layer Security) Transport and TLS Library (OpenSSL) uses a Certificate and Key.
With the purchase of RTP Core license (PKS102), MAPS™ SIP supports transmission and detection of various RTP traffic such as, digits, voice file, single tone, dual tones, IVR, FAX*, and Video*. With regular RTP traffic, the maximum Simultaneous Calls up to 2000, and Calls per Second up to 250 is achievable. Almost all industry standard voice codec supported.
The MAPS™ SIP Conformance Scripts (PKS121) is designed with 400+ test cases, as per SIP specification of ETSI TS 102-027-2 v4.1.1 (2006-07) standard. Test cases include general messaging and call flow scenarios for multimedia call session setup and control over IP networks. Logging and pass/fail results are also reported. Test cases verify conformance of actions such as registration, call control, registrants, proxies and redirect servers.
MAPS™ SIP also supports generation of high volume of calls with traffic for load testing network using MAPS™ RTP HD (PKS109) network appliance.
MAPS™ RTP HD (requires a special purpose network appliance and PKS109 RTP HD licenses) is a specialized 1U rack mounted network appliance designed to easily achieve up to 32,000 endpoints per appliance (8000 simultaneous calls with duplex traffic per port). The appliance is available with 4x 1 Gbps NIC ports. Using a stack of multiple servers, a larger test system with 100K-200K calls (all controlled from a single Master Controller) is achievable for enterprise to carrier grade testing.
GL also provides a high-density network monitoring appliance (supports SIP, RTP, UMTS, LTE, and IMS) for online capture and decode of the signaling in real time.
** Some of these traffic types requires additional licenses – contact GL for more information
RTP traffic simulation is supported for almost all standard codecs. Also, supports various traffic events simulation during the course of a call, which is listed below:
- Answer Call - Used to Accept the Call from DUT
- Place Call - Places the Call to another End by initiating the Invite Message.
- Terminate - Terminates the call using BYE Method
RTP Traffic Events – digits, tones, files
- Send File, Receive File, Stop Send File
- Send Digits, Detect Digits, Stop Send Digits
- Send Test Tone, Detect Test Tone
- Send Tone, Detect Tone, Stop Send Tone
MAPS™ SIP provides the Bulk Video Call Simulation capability using pre-recorded video traces supporting codecs like H.264, H.263, and VP8. On a high-performance computing platform (core-i7), it is possible to generate more than 500 simultaneous video calls. It also provides statistics for the RTP traffic such as Listening MOS, Conversational MOS, PacketLoss, Discarded Packets, Out of Sequence Packets, Duplicate Packets, Delay and Jitter.
MAPS™ SIP supports FAX over IP (FoIP) simulation and monitoring. With Additional licensing, both RTP G.711 Pass Through Fax Simulation (PKS200) and T.38 Fax Simulation over UDPTL (PKS211) simulation are supported.
MAPS™ SIP supports Message Session Relay Protocol for instant messaging over SIP sessions (PKS112), simulating SIP/MSRP User Agents end-points in an NG9-1-1 network and send and receive communications over ESInets. The NG9-1-1 calls can be IM Only Calls, Audio and IM Calls, and Video and IM Calls between multiple UAs.
MAPS™ SIP supports Interactive Voice Response (IVR) testing that recognizes and responds to voice prompts using DTMF digits or voice, allowing automated IVR traversal and testing.
MAPS™ SIP handles simulation of Audio and Video along with IM call, during which the pre-recorded audio/video is sent and received using RTP and text messages using MSRP during the same call. During this call type, there will be three media lines, one for Audio, one for Video and another for text messages using MSRP.
MAPS™ SIP also supports command line interface to remotely control MAPS™ from client environment. Multiple MAPS™ CLI servers from the client environment (such as TCL, Python, VBScript, Java, or .Net) via APIs for complete automation.
GL also provides a Packet Analyzer for on-line capture and decode of the SIP signaling in real-time both during tests and as a stand-alone tracer for live systems.
Bulk Call Capability
Supported Protocols Standards
|Supported Protocols||Specification Used|
RFC 3262 - Reliability of Provisional Responses in the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP)
Secure Real-time Transport Protocol (SRTP)
RFC 3711 - Secure Real-time Transport Protocol (SRTP)
Message Session Relay Protocol (MSRP)
RFC 4975 - Message Session Relay Protocol (MSRP)
With MAPS SIP (PKS120), you can simulate complex call scenarios, modify SIP headers, automate test process, generate all types of traffic – Fax T.38, Voice, Video, Digits, Tones, and user-defined. Test scenarios can be manually executed using the Call Generation and Call Reception windows. The Load generation features allows for bulk call testing with parameters such as Call per second (CPS), Max Active Call, Minimum and Maximum Call Rates, Start Call Rates, and different statistical distribution patterns.
Following are typical applications where MAPS SIP tool is useful -
- Test PBX, Switch, Gateways/Routers
- Test IVR, Voice Mail, VoIP phones
- Generate/Accept tens & thousands of calls
- Voice, Fax, Digits, Tones, Data, Video traffic generation
- Automate Regression testing
- Feature testing
- Remote operation
- Scripting: Python, TCL, Java, VBScript Client APIs
- Voice, Data Quality, Quality of Service
UAC, UAS Conformance
MAPS™ SIP can be configured to act as UAC and sends request messages to conform UAS (DUT). MAPS™ SIP can also be configured at DUT to act as UAS, loaded with answer scripts to handle the incoming messages. UAS replies with 180 Ringing message for the initial INVITE request message from UAC, thus testing UAC.
Typical SIP Procedure
With the set of Proxy Conformance inbuilt scripts, MAPS™ can be configured to act as UAC and UAS simultaneously so that entire Proxy testing can be automated.
DUT as Registrant (Ex: PacketGen™) generates REGISTRATION SIP messages. The set of Registrant Conformance inbuilt scripts in MAPS™ tests to ensure that MAPS™ acts as Registrar and processes the received registration request messages from Registrant (DUT).
Redirect Server Conformance
Receives requests and looks up the intended recipient of the request in the location database created by a registrar. MAPS™ acts as UAC and sends messages to test Redirect Server (DUT). Redirect Server is an entity that receives a request and sends back a reply containing a list of the current location of a particular user.
Instant Messaging using SIP/MSRP
GL offers enhanced MAPS™ SIP emulator supporting Instant Messaging (IM) delivery conforming with RFC 4975/4976 - Message Session Relay Protocol (MSRP) protocol.
MAPS™ SIP software supports simulation of SIP/RTP sessions as well as instant messaging sessions over SIP using MSRP protocol (requires PKS112 licenses). The supported call types are IM Only Calls, Audio and IM Calls, and Video and IM Calls between multiple UAs.
MAPS™ SIP can simulate the end-points (SIP/RTP or SIP/MSRP User Agents) in an NG9-1-1 network and send and receive communications over ESInets. The software is capable of simulating high volume SIP sessions for load testing, and reporting thresholds.
MAPS™ SIP allows SIP vendors, wireless carriers, NG9-1-1service providers, and emergency communications centers to test IP applications for satisfactory working of NG9-1-1 services prior to deployment.
Unlike regular SMSs, IM requires a series of instant messages exchanged between two or more parties treated as a single conversational message session. Such a “session-mode” IM is possible using Message Session Relay Protocol (MSRP) where a series of related instant messages using SIP are treated similar to audio or video media sessions. MSRP supports multiple sessions to different end-points to be established over a single TCP connection.
Given below is a typical IM simulation between SIP/MSRP endpoints.
The following call generation screenshot depicts the MAPS™ SIP simulating ‘Audio and IM Calls’. During this call type, two different sessions will be established. There will be two media lines, one for audio using RTP session and another for instant messaging using MSRP session which are handled simultaneously.
MAPS™ SIP also provides user defined statistics feature, which can be configured to provide MSRP statistics including metrics such as Total MSRP Messages Sent, Received, Bytes Sent, and Bytes Received. These statistics are calculated and updated periodically on run time.
|MAPS™ SIP Protocol Emulation|
|Item No.||MAPS™ for Wireless Network|
||MAPS™ SIP Emulator|
|PKS121||MAPS™ SIP Conformance Test Suite (Test Scripts)|
|PKS126||MAPS™ SIP I Emulator|
|PKS127||MAPS™ IMS Emulator|
|PKS118||MAPS™ ED-137 Radio (Includes PKS107, & PKS102)|
|PKS119||MAPS™ ED-137 Telephone (Includes PKS102)|
|PKS117||MAPS™ ED-137 Recorder (Includes PKS102)|
|PKS140||MAPS™ LTE S1 Emulator|
|PKS142||MAPS™ LTE eGTP (S3, S4, S5, S8, S10, S11 & S16) Emulator|
|Item No.||Traffic Options|
|GTP Mobile Traffic Options|
|Mobile Traffic Core - GTP |
Mobile Traffic Core - Gateway
Mobile Traffic Core - GPRS Gb Interface
|RTP Traffic Options|
|PKS102||RTP Soft Core (additional)|
|PKS103||RTP IuUP Softcore|
|RTP Pass Through Fax Emulation
Fax Port Licences - 2 Fax Ports, RO
Fax Port Licences - 8 Fax Ports, RO
Fax Port Licences - 30 Fax Ports, RO
Fax Port Licences - 60 Fax Ports, RO
Fax Port Licences - 120 Fax Ports, RO
|PKS211||T.38 Fax Simulation|
|PKS107||RTP EUROCAE ED-137B|
|PKS108||RTP Voice Quality Measurements|
|PKS109||MAPS™ High Density RTP Generator|
|PKS111||MAPS™ Remote Controller|
|PKS112||Message Session Relay Protocol for MAPS-SIP|
|PKS170||CLI Support for MAPS™|
|PKS106||RTP Video Traffic Generation|
|PCD103||Optional Codec – AMR – Narrowband (requires additional license)|
|PCD104||Optional Codec - EVRC (requires additional license)|
|PCD105||Optional Codec – EVRC-B (requires additional license)|
|PCD106||Optional Codec – EVRC-C (requires additional license)|
|PCD107||Optional Codec – AMR - Wideband (requires additional license)|
|PCD108||Optional Codec - EVS (requires additional license)|
|PCD109||Optional Codec - Opus (requires additional license)|
|Item No.||Related Software|
|PKS120||MAPS™ SIP Emulator|
|PKV100||PacketScan™ (Online and Offline)|
|PKV120||PacketScan™ HD w/4 x 1GigE|
|PKV120p||PacketScan™ HD w/4 x 1GigE - Portable|
|PKV122||PacketScan™ HD w/2 x 10GigE|
|PKV122p||PacketScan™ HD w/2 x 10 GigE - Portable|
|PKV124||PacketScan™ HD w/40/100 GigE|
|PKV124P||PacketScan™ HD w/40/100 GigE - Portable|
|PKV123||PacketRecorder™ HD & PacketRePlay™ HD|
G.168 Echo Canceller Test Compliance Suite
|PKV105||SIGTRAN Analyzer (requires PKV100)|
|PKV107||LTE (Long Term Evolution) Analyzer (Optional with PacketScan™)|