PRI-ISDN Protocol Analyzer
The Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) system allows voice, data and video to be transmitted simultaneously across the world using end-to-end
digital connectivity. ISDN, based on the telephony network, was conceived of to provide multiple voice and non-voice services over a single network, and a
digital user network interface over regular phone lines, instead of dedicated and isolated user-network interfaces.
ISDN is an integrated solution for providing basic telephony and data services, whilst offering more telephony services such as supplementary services.
ISDN services are grouped in three service categories:
- Bearer service
- Supplementary service
The user-to-network interface is provided in two flavors:
- Basic interface structure (BRI) - two B-channels and one 16 kbit/s D-channel (2B+D)
- Primary rate B-channel interface structure (PRI) - 30 thirty B-channels and one 64 kbit/s D-channel (30B+D)
GL's ISDN analyzer can capture and analyze stream of frames on an ISDN PRI link. It decodes LAPD according to Q.921, while, the ISDN information parsing is
done based on the user's selection of ITU Q.931, ISDN ANSI, AT&T/Lucent switch 4ESS and 5ESS (TR41449, TR41459 and 235-900-342), Nortel's switch DMS-100
and DMS-250 (NIS-A2111-1 and NIS-A211-4), Bellcore National ISDN-2 (NI-2), Euro ISDN (ETS-300 102-1), ARINC 746, ETSI 300-102, QSIG ETSI/ECMA, National
ISDN PRI CPE, DPNSS, and DASS2.
GL Communications supports the following types of ISDN analyzers:
- Real-time ISDN Analyzer (Pre-requisites: GL's field proven E1 or T1 internal cards or USB Laptop E1 or T1 external
units, required licenses and Windows XP (or higher) Operating System)
- Remote/Offline ISDN Analyzers (Pre-requisites: Hardware Dongle and Windows XP (or higher) Operating System)
Both real-time and off-line analysis presents the following information
- Raw ISDN Frame data as a hexadecimal and ASCII octet dump - Physical Layer
- LAPD information (Layer 2)
- ISDN information (Layer 3)
Also, visit GL's SIGTRAN protocol decode and ISDN SIGTRAN protocol decode
web page for a description of SIGTRAN - used to carry Q.931 or SS7 ISUP messages between IP nodes such as a Signaling Gateway and Media Gateway
Controller or Media Gateway.
In addition the following ISDN applications are supported that further help in emulating ISDN protocol:
ISDN Analyzer Main Features:
- Displays Summary, Detail, Hex-dump, Statistics, and Call Detail Views.
- Summary View displays Dev #, Time Slot, Frame #, LAPD information, ISDN Message types, and etc in a tabular format.
- Detail View displays decodes of user-selected frames from the Summary View; the contents of this view can also be copied to clipboard.
- Hex dump View displays the frame information in HEX and ASCII format; the contents of this view can also be copied to clipboard.
- Statistics View displays statistics based on frame count, byte count, frames/sec, bytes/sec etc for the entire capture data
- Call trace isolates call specific information i.e. status of each call (i.e. Active/Completed), duration of completed call, Device No, Timeslot, CRV, Called and
Calling Party number.
- Call Detail Recording feature includes data link groups that help in defining the direction of the calls in a given network and form logical groups comprised of
unidirectional (either 'Forward' or 'Backward') data links.
- Supports filtering and search based on SAPI, TEI, C/R, N(S), N(R), P/F, Supervisory Functions, and ISDN message types.
- Any protocol field can be added to the summary view, filtering, and search features providing users more flexibility to monitor required protocol fields.
- Exports Summary View information to a comma delimited file for subsequent import into a database or spreadsheet.
- Capability to export detail decodes information to an ASCII file.
- Remote monitoring capability using GL's Network Surveillance System.
Additional feature supported by Real-time/Remote ISDN Analyzer:
- Real-time filter and search on C/R, SAPI, TEI, CTL, P/F, N (S), N (R) and FUNC and so on.
- Streams can be captured on the selected time slots (contiguous or non-contiguous), sub-channels or full bandwidth.
Frames can be transmitted/captured in either n x 64 kbps, or n x 56 kbps data channels (hyper-channels).
- Sub Channel and Nx56 hyper channel enables user to analyze data captured by fractional DS0 and DS1 link.
- Multiple streams of ISDN traffic on various T1/E1 channels can be simultaneously decoded with different GUI instances.
- Supports decoding of frames with FCS of 16 bits and 32 bits, or none.
- Variations accommodated in the software include inverted or non-inverted data, and byte reversal or non-reversal.
- Recorded trace files can be played back using HDLC Playback application.
- Multiple remote clients may access a single T1/E1 serverAlso, the T1/E1 server. Also the T1/E1 server is fully functional while being accessed
as a server. Thus, a user may perform T1/E1 operations locally on the server while a remote client is accessing the same
server, in real time. For Remote Analyzers only)
Additional features supported by Offline ISDN Analyzer:
- Trace files for analysis can be loaded through simple command-line arguments.
- Multiple trace files can be loaded simultaneously with different GUI instances for offline analysis.
Following is a description of the protocols supported by GL's ISDN analyzer:
The ISDN analyzer supports following protocols under Q.93x, 4ESS, 5ESS, ETSI 300-102, Bell NI2, DMS-100, DMS-250, QSIG ETSI, ISDN ANSI, DPNSS, DASS2,
ARINC 746, QSIG ECMA, and National ISDN PRI standards
||ITU-T Q.931 / Q.932(Facility IE) / Q.955.3 (MLPP Procedures)
||ISDN PRI (TR-4144,TR41459 and 235-900-342)
||ISDN PRI (Lucent Tech - 5ESS 2000)
|ETSI (Euro ISDN)
|BELL NI2 (Bellcore National ISDN-2)
||ISDN PRI (Bell Core SR-NWT-002343)
||ETS 300 196-1: August 1993 / ETS 300 102-1: December 1990
||ANSI T1.607-1998, ANSIT1.619-1992 (R2005) and T1.619a-1994(R2007(MLPP Procedures)
||BTNR 190:June 1992
||ARINC CHARACTERISTIC 746-5
||Standard ECMA-143 4th Edition - December 2001
|Nortel's switch DMS 100
|Nortel's switch DMS 250
|National ISDN PRI
||Telcordia – SR-4994
Click here to view the protocol glossary page for more information
Summary, Detailed, and Hex dump Views
The ISDN analyzer application is invoked from the main menu of GL's T1/E1 Analyzer for real-time analyzer. The remote/offline ISDN analyzer is invoked from
the installation directory of the remote ISDN Analyzer. The analyzer displays Summary, Detail and Hex dump Views in different panes. The Summary View displays
Direction, Frame Number, Time, Length, Error, Type of Frame, N (S), N(R), Type of ISDN Messages, and more. User can select a frame in Summary View to analyze
and decode each frame in the Detail View. The selected frame is analyzed and decoded according to user selected ISDN specifications (switch). The Hex dump
View displays the frame information in HEX and ASCII formats. The contents of Detail and Hex Dump view the contents of this view can also be copied to
Screen Shot of Summary, Detailed and Hex dump View
Real-time/Remote and Offline Analysis
Users can capture and analyze D-Channel using either real-time or remote analyzers and record all or filtered traffic into a trace file. The recorded trace file
can be used for offline analysis or exported to a comma-delimited file, or ASCII file. Real-time capturing requires user to specify timeslots, bit inversion, octet bit
reversion, user/network side, FCS, and data transmission rate. Recorded trace file can be transmitted back on T1/E1 using the HDLC File Playback application.
Screen Shot of Timeslot Selection
Filtering and Search
Users can record all or filtered traffic into a trace file. Filter and search capabilities adds as another powerful feature to the ISDN Analyzer. These features
isolate required frames from the captured frames in real-time as well as off-line. Users can specify custom values for frame length to filter frames during real-time
capture. The frames can also be filtered after completion of capture according to SAPI, TEI, C/R, N (S), N(R), P/F, Supervisory Function and Type of ISDN Message.
Similarly, search capability helps user to search for a particular frame based on specific search criteria.
Screen Shot of Filtering and Search
Call Detail Record and Statistics View
Important call specific parameters like. status of each call (i.e. active/completed), duration of completed call, called and calling party number, call reference
value (CRV) etc., for each individual call from the captured data are displayed in the Call Detail Record View. Call Detail Recording feature includes data link
groups that help in defining the direction of the calls in a given network and form logical groups comprised of unidirectional (either 'Forward' or 'Backward')
data links. Additionally, users are provided with the option to search for a particular call detail record from the captured traces.
Statistics is an important feature available in ISDN analyzer and can be obtained for all frames both in real-time as well as offline mode. Numerous statistics
can be obtained to study the performance and trend in the ISDN network based on protocol fields and different parameters.
Screen Shot of Statistics and Call Detail Record View
Enhanced Trace Saving Options
Users can control the captured trace files by saving the trace using different conventions such as trace files with user-defined prefixes, trace file with
date-time prefixes, and slider control to indicate the total number of files, file size, frame count, or time limit. This feature also allows the captured frames to
be saved into a trace file based on the filtering criteria set using display filter feature.
Screen Shot of Enhanced Trace Saving Options Window
Save/Load All Configuration Settings
Protocol Configuration window provides a consolidated interface for all the important settings required in the analyzer. This includes various options such as
protocol selection, startup options, stream/interface selection, filter/search criteria and so on. Any protocol field can be added to the summary view, filtering, and
search features from this GUI providing the users more flexibility to monitor required protocol fields.All the configuration settings done in any of these options can
be saved to a file, loaded from a configuration file, or user may just revert to the default values using the default option.
Screen Shot of Save/Load All Configuration Setting Window
ISDN Emulation Tools
ISDN Emulation using GUI
GL's ISDN Emulator for T1E1 network is available as GUI based application through which the various ISDN configurations can easily be created, thereby
allowing the ISDN Emulator to be fully functional within a few minutes. This ISDN configuration includes selection of various ISDN standards, variants & NFAS,
etc. The ISDN Emulator also incorporates the flexibility to modify ISDN call parameters & message content. This flexibility ensures that the ISDN emulator will
communicate with the system under test. It's even possible to emulate a complete ISDN connection (switch to subscriber) all in the same PC with a dual interface
card. For more details, click here.
ISDN Emulation using Client-Server
The client-server based ISDN Emulator emulates ISDN calls over T1/E1 links. It also allows configuring the ISDN layer parameters, called/calling numbering
plan/type, ISDN service type, place or accept call for each timeslot or for the whole trunk, switch and subscriber emulation, simple NFAS setup for T1, and
performs various other tasks on remote clients. For more details, click here.
Scripted ISDN Emulation using MAPS™
GL's MAPS-ISDN is an advanced protocol simulator/tester for ISDN simulation over TDM (T1E1) and generates high volumes of ISDN traffic. The tester can
simulate ISDN signaling as defined by the ITU-T standards. Currently this test tool is used to perform testing using ISDN protocol messages over T1/E1, and
offers a complete solution for testing, troubleshooting, and maintenance of devices and networks implementing PRI ISDN. It is useful to test ISDN products
designed for either U or S/T interface, including network terminations, Type 1 terminating equipment, and terminal adapters. For more details, click
Scripted ISDN over IP (ISDN SIGTRAN) Emulation using MAPS™
MAPS™ ISDN SIGTRAN is an advanced protocol simulator/tester used for ISDN simulation over IP. The tester can simulate a complete ISDN connection
between SG (Signaling Gateway) to MGC (Media Gateway Controller), where ISDN signaling are as defined by the ITU-T Q.921 / Q.931 standards. The application
is built with ready-to-use scripts, which generates and processes all ISDN messages including Setup, Connect, Release messages, and others.For more
information, please click here.
Bridge and Monitor Connections
Please Note: The XX in the Item No. refers to the hardware platform, listed at the bottom of the Buyer's Guide, which
the software will be running on. Therefore, XX can either be ETA or EEA (Octal/Quad Boards), PTA or PEA (tProbe Units),
UTA or UEA (USB Units), HUT or HUE (Universal Cards), and HDT or HDE (HD cards) depending upon the hardware.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
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